ISSN 0869-6632 (Online)
ISSN 2542-1905 (Print)


Adaptive control signals of a mismatch in cognitive processes: the role of the endogenous opioid system

In the work we consider the classic cyclic schemes for the construction of cognitive processes. Based on neurobiological data we indicate the need to introduce a special mechanism for adaptive control signals of a mismatch in cognitive processes at the stage preceeding the decision point. Endogenous opioid system can be considered one of the major neurochemical candidates for such «breakers». This system provides the suppression of signals about a mismatch between current and target states of the cognitive system.

Autonomous system generating hyperbolic chaos: circuit simulation and experiment

We consider an electronic device, which represents an autonomous dynamical system with hyperbolic attractor of the Smale–Williams type in the Poincare map. Simulation ? of chaotic dynamics in the software environment Multisim has been undertaken. The generator of hyperbolic chaos is implemented as a laboratory model; its experimental investigation is carried out, and good compliance with the observed dynamics in the numerical and circuit simulation has been demonstrated.

Doubling and destruction of the tri-frequencies torus in the nonlinear oscillator under quasi-periodic exitation: experiment

In present paper nonlinear oscillator driving by external force in a form of three harmonic signals with irrational ratios of the frequencies and the map of various dynamical regimes on the parameter plane are presented. The feature of tri-frequencies torus doubling and destruction are investigated.

Bifurcations and transitions to chaos in superlattice coupled to external resonator

In this letter we study nonlinear dynamics and transition to chaos in semiconductor superlattice coupled to external linear resonator. We have shown that such system demonstrates chaotic dynamics in wide range of supply voltage, whereas in autonomous superlattice only periodical dynamics exists. Revealed that transition to chaos in system goes through intermittency.

Formation of a multi-domain spatial structure in gaas gunn diode as a nonlinear phenomenon

Experimental studies of stationary distributions of the electric ?eld intensity and the concentration of charge carriers in the Gunn diode have been provided by using near-?eld microwave microscope. The numerical computer calculation of these quantities based on the dependence of electrons mobility and di?usion coe?cient on the electric ?eld has been carried out. The existence of a multidomain mode of Gunn diodes has been found experimentally and con?rmed theoretically.

The role of oxygen in briggs–rauscher autooscillating reaction

It is description of the way in which chemical environment of Briggs–Rauscher autooscillating reaction a?ects characteristics of oscillations. It has been ascertained that variations of the iodide complexes concentrations perhaps occurs due to increases of oxygen concentration in media and intermediate’s concentration ?uctuation. In?uence was investigated one of the basic natural oxidizing agent oxygen and it radical forms on autocooperative mechanisms of Briggs–Rauscher reaction.

Nonlinear dynamics of an expert,s thinking and algorithms of his professional knowledge expansion by example of medical problems

The process of a problem area experts knowledge acquisition is considered from a nonlinear dynamics positions. Stages and types of acquired knowledge are marked out; the role of an intuitive thinking in decision process concerning complex objects is defined. The role of intelligent data analysis methods in new knowledge forming processes is defined. The result of a developed «Semantic computer knowledge base analysis» algorithm is given on an example of the concrete medical problem.

Skin sensitivity: specificity of the dynamics of spatial­temporal patterns of activity of mechanoreceptors versus «labeled lines»

Through the development of methods for detecting the dynamics of spatial­temporal patterns of activity in the nervous system fundamental evidences obtained, that the sensory code have integrative nature and theories of localisation of function are inconsistent. The paper presents a review of electrophysiological data and models, indicating the integrative mechanisms of information coding in the peripheral skin analyzer of humans and animals.

On the role of «pattern» and «symbol» concepts for simulation of the thinking process via neurocomputing

The concepts of «pattern» and «symbol» and their functions are discussed in the context of «thinking» system of combined neuroprocessors. It is shown that the pattern subsystem does play a key role in recording and store of information. The symbol subsystem initiation provides the transition to conventional semantic information and communications with environment. The paradigm of attention within the scheme presented is secured by a parametric effect of symbol subsystem on the image one.

The construction scheme of neuroprocessors able to realize the basic functions of thinking and scientific creativity

We propose a version of the neuroprocessor construction scheme, which in principle capable to solve problems commonly treated as creative work. The role of conventional information is discussed, and the specific block for the symbol formation is suggested. The system capable to solve logic problems has been pointed out. It is shown that the symbol (logical) subsystem is able to interpolate and extrapolate in the process of pattern recognition and prognosis.