ISSN 0869-6632 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1905 (Online)


vircator

Dynamics of electron flow with virtual cathode in low-voltage vircator under external force

Theoretical research of dynamics of electron flow with virtual cathode in lowvoltage vircator under external harmonic force has been held in this work. The behavior of electron flow was considered within the framework of both stationary analytic model and numerical simulation of electron flow nonstationary processes. The increasing of lowvoltage vircator output power while increasing external force has been shown in both cases. The results of theoretical research let us to explain physical phenomenon leading to output power increasing.

Three-­dimensional simulation of virtode with toroidal cavities

The results of preliminary 3D fully electromagnetic simulation of microwave generator with virtual cathode and external feedback loop (virtode) are discussed in this paper. The feedback is realized by the velocity modulation of electron beam in the accelerating gap of electron gun with the electromagnetic signal taken with output cavity placed in the virtual cathode area.

Wideband chaotic generation and optimization of characteristics in microwave generator with electronic feedback and magnetic periodic focusing system

With the help of 2D numerical model it has been investigated the nonlinear dynamics and generation of wideband chaotic signals in the generator based on electron beam with the virtual cathode. It has been discovered the strong influence of the external non-uniform magnetic field on the nonlinear dynamics of the virtual cathode in the system. It has been analyzed the physical processes responsible for the discovered dependency of dynamics of the electron beam with the virtual cathode on the parameters of the external nonuniform magnetic field.

Mathematical model and its numerical realization for the investigation and optimization of generators with electron feedback

It was stated in the paper the mathematical model and its numerical realization for the investigation of wideband chaotic oscillations and of physical processes in the electron beams with virtual cathode at the generators with electron feedback. Also it was briefly described the developed program package for the modeling of non­stationary nonlinear physical processes at the electron generators with virtual cathode and for calculating of output characteristics of devices.

Higher harmonics generation in a relativistic electron beam with virtual cathode

The study of the microwave generation regimes with intense higher harmonics taking place in a high-power vircator consisting of a relativistic electron beam with a virtual cathode has been made. The characteristics of these regimes, in particular, the typical spectra and their variations with the change of the system parameters (beam current, the induction of external magnetic field) as well as physical processes occurring in the system have been analyzed by means of 3D electromagnetic simulation.