ISSN 0869-6632 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1905 (Online)


vortex

Turbulence in microwave electronics: teoretical approaches and experimental results

A review of the current state of different theoretical approaches to the description of turbulence in electron beams and electronic devices at microwave frequencies is shown. A three types of turbulent (nonlaminar) electron beams were considered. The first type of turbulent electron beam is caused by the intersection of electronic trajectories (e.g., due to thermal velocity) and it is common to the flow of electrons at all.