ISSN 0869-6632 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1905 (Online)

History. Personalia

University universe of the principal g. K. Hvorostin: the birth and the death

This article is dedicated to the investigation of little-known facts of the life and the activity of the repressed principal of Saratov University G. K. Hvorostin, who headed the HEI in 1935–1937 years and during this short time transformed it from provincial, weaken (because of political "cleaning") educational institute into progressive scientific center.

Creator of the future

There are the author’s reminiscences about the meetings and communication for many years with academician Nikita Nikolaevich Moiseev (1917–2000) – the scientist, the mathematician, the philosopher, the man of encyclopedic knowledges, foresaw the future. In the own scientific activities N. N. Moiseev proved himself as a scientific leader with broad-minded, empathetic mentor to young scientists, person experiencing problems of science, country and humanity as their own. 

Hommage Dmitry Ivanovich Trubetskov, or scientist and times: typology of relations

Aim of the work is the model of relations between the scientist and the evolving social system. The model describes the key components of creative activity, the features of the sociocultural situation and the factors that can affect creative productivity. Method of the study combines principles of the description of a purposeful activity system by V. I. Korogodin, scale of creative subjects by E. A. Sosnin, as well as introduced by M.N. Epstein the concepts of createme, cohistoricity, chroneme, etc. Results.

Richard Feynman and Julian Schwinger and condensed matter physics in the soviet union

Aim. The aim of the paper is to study the impact of the works of R. Feynman and J. Schwinger on the development of condensed matter physics in the Soviet Union in the end 1940s and early 1960s. Method. The research is based on the analysis of original works with the use of available literature concerning the issue under consideration. Results. The transfer of the methods of quantum field theory to the many-body problem was a very complex and nontrivial task. The main contribution to its solution was made by physicists from the environment of L.D. Landau.