ISSN 0869-6632 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1905 (Online)


Отображения

Bifurcations of three­ and four­dimensional maps: universal properties

The approach, in which the picture of bifurcations of discrete maps is considered in the space of invariants of perturbation matrix (Jacobi matrix), is extended to the case of three and four dimensions. In those cases the structure of surfaces, lines and points for bifurcations, that is universal for all maps, is revealed. We present the examples of maps, whose parameters are governed directly by invariants of the Jacobian matrix.

Maps with quasi-periodicity of different dimension and quasi-periodic bifurcations

The paper discusses the construction of convenient and informative three-dimensional mappings demonstrating the existence of 2-tori and 3-tori. The first mapping is obtained by discretizing the continuous time system – a generator of quasi-periodic oscillations. The second is obtained via discretization of the Lorentz-84 climate model. The third mapping was proposed in the theory of quasi-periodic bifurcations by Simo, Broer, Vitolo.