ISSN 0869-6632 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1905 (Online)

For citation:

Popova A. N., Klimenkov B. D., Grabovskiy A. Y. Scientific school of plasma nanotechnologies and plasma power engineering in Mining University. Izvestiya VUZ. Applied Nonlinear Dynamics, 2021, vol. 29, iss. 2, pp. 317-336. DOI: 10.18500/0869-6632-2021-29-2-317-336

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).
Full text:
(downloads: 397)
Article type: 
533(9), 001(8)

Scientific school of plasma nanotechnologies and plasma power engineering in Mining University


The article is written for the 55th Anniversary of St. Petersburg Mining University Plasma School. Purpose. It is needed to highlight the history of teaching and research physical branches at the Mining University, as well as reflect plasma nanotechnologies and plasma power engineering current trends in the work of the scientific school. Methods. Search and systematization of bibliographic material, reflecting the role of well-known domestic and foreign science figures at the Plasma School, formed on the basis of the Mining University General and Technical Physics Department. Results. As a result of the bibliographic and historical material study, a connection between famous scientists of the XIX–XXI centuries (such as A. I. Sadovsky, B. P. Weinberg, V. F. Mitkevich, M. A. Chatelain, A. A. Petrovsky, N. S. Kurnakov, A. F. Ioffe, G. A. Mesyatz, F. G. Rutberg, V. E. Fortov, Eu. S. Polzik) with the SPMU General and Technical Physics Department activities was established. The history, the relevance and world significance of the scientific direction, which arose in 1965 simultaneously with the problem laboratory creation and continues to develop at the Mining University, is argued. Prominent specialists in the low-temperature plasma physics field stood at the origins of the plasma nanotechnology and power engineering scientific school, among whom the founder of the scientific school, D.Sc. Professor L. A. Sena. The scientific school head currently is the head of the SPMU General and Technical Physics Department, D.Sc. Professor A. S. Mustafaev. Information on the Plasma School development, its scientific contacts, breakthrough scientific discoveries, the latest tendencies in the plasma nanotechnologies and plasma power engineering field, new applied areas arising in solving fundamental problems is presented. Conclusion. For the first time, the historical roots, formation and development stages of the plasma nanotechnologies and plasma power engineering scientific school at the Mining University are presented to a wide range of readers. New interdisciplinary scientific directions that have arisen in the last two decades are highlighted.

  1. Support of scientific schools (in Russian). Access mode:
  2. Mustafaev AS, Movchan IB, Mezentsev AP. Electronic-polarization investigations of the electron velocity distribution function in an anisotropic plasma. Tech. Phys. 2000;45(11):1399–1405. DOI: 10.1134/1.1325019.
  3. International Scientific and Practical Conference «175 years of the D.I. Mendeleyev Institute for Metrology (VNIIM) and National Measurement System». St. Petersburg, June 14-15, 2017: collection of abstracts of reports. St. Petersburg: All-Russia D.I. Mendeleyev Scientific and Research Institute for Metrology (VNIIM); 2017. 252 p. (in Russian).
  4. Chatelain MA. Vladimir Fedorovich Mitkevich. To the 75th birthday anniversary. Electricity. 1947;8(66–70) (in Russian).
  5. Sadovsky AI. A note on the motion of a Watt centrifugal regulator. Bulletin of Experimental Physics and Elementary Mathematics. 1894;199(145–147) (in Russian).
  6. Ioffe AF. Thermodynamics: Lectures Given by Prof. A.F. Ioffe to Students of the Mining Institute. 1st ed. St. Petersburg: Ed. Students of the Mining Institute; 1910. 150 p. (in Russian).
  7. Leningrad Mining Institute 1773–1973. Geophysical Faculty. Comp. by Yu. N. Kapkov, A. I. Shalimov. Leningrad: Ed. LMI; 1973 (in Russian).
  8. Obituary. Philip Grigorievich Rutberg (09.22.1931–04.12.2015) (in Russian). Access mode:
  9. Leningrad Mining Institute. Vneshtorgizdat. Ed. no. LO-3343; 1989 (in Russian).
  10. Smirnov BM. The Sena effect. Phys. Usp. 2008;51(3):291–293. DOI: 10.1070/PU2008v051n03ABEH006542.
  11. Professor L.А. Sena. Personnel file. Mining University Archive (in Russian).
  12. Gurevich AV, Zelenyi LM, Zybin KP et al. Gennadii Andreevich Mesyats (on his 80th birthday). Phys. Usp. 2016;59(2):211–213. DOI: 10.3367/UFNe.0186.201602n.0223.
  13. Yakov Borisovich Zeldovich (memoirs, letters, documents). Ed. S.S. Gershtein and R.A. Sunyaeva. 2nd ed. Moscow: Fizmatlit; 2008. 416 p. (in Russian).
  14. Frenkel’ VY. Physicists about Themselves. Comp. by N.Ya. Moskovchenko, G.A. Savina. Leningrad: Nauka; 1990. 485 p. (in Russian).
  15. Dubovitsky FI. Institute of Chemical Physics (history essays). Moscow: Science; 1996. 983 p. (in Russian).
  16. Vaisberg LA. «Mekhanobr» – 90 years in the innovation process. Innovation. 2007(2(100)):18–20 (in Russian).
  17. Roginsky SZ, Sena LA, Zeldovich YB. Beitrag zum Mechanismus der Erscheinung des Gedachtnisses der wiederholten Kristallisation. Physikalische Zeitschrift der Sovjetunion. 1932; 1:630–639.
  18. Zeldovich YB. Particles, Nuclei, Universe: Selected Works. Moscow; 1985. 464 p. (in Russian).
  19. Sena LA. Collection of Questions and Problems in Physics. Moscow: Mir Publishers; 1988. 335 p.
  20. Sena LA. Units of Physical Quantities and Their Dimensions. Moscow: Mir Publishers; 1972. 288 p.
  21. Mesyatz GA. Save Science. Moscow: Nauka; 2001. 255 p. (in Russian).
  22. The St. Petersburg State University Department of Optics, 70 years: anniversary. Ed. A.A. Petrov. St. Petersburg: SPSU; 2004. 243 p. (in Russian).
  23. Scientific school of E.F. Gross (to the 70th anniversary of the Solid State Physics Department). Ed. B.V. Novikov. St. Petersburg State University; 2008. 139 p. (in Russian).
  24. Sadovsky AI. Ponderomotive Actions of Electromagnetic and Light Waves on Crystals. Part 1 (Theoretical). Yuriev: Ed. K. Mattisen (Imp. University of Juriev); 1898. 125 p. (in Russian).
  25. Sadovsky AI. The boundary conditions of the issue of ponderomotive actions of electromagnetic and light waves at the crystals. Acta et Commentationes Imp. Univ. Jureviensis. 1900:8(2) (in Russian).
  26. Beth RA. Mechanical detection and measurement of the angular momentum of light. Phys. Rev. 1936;50(2):115. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRev.50.115.
  27. Phenomenon of relay-race transfer of electric charge in gases – the Sena effect. Chronicle and information. 1989;1(16):141–142 (in Russian).
  28. Sena LA. Collisions of Electrons and Ions with Gas Atoms. Moscow: OGIZ. State publishing house of technical theory. lit.; 1948. 215 p. (in Russian).
  29. Sena LA. On the mechanism of arc initiation when the circuit is broken. Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics. 1965(2):4–6 (in Russian).
  30. World level scientific directions of the Mining University (in Russian). Access mode:
  31. Mustafaev AS, Yarygin VI, Soukhomlinov VS et al. Nano-size effects in graphite/graphene structure exposed to cesium vapor. Journal of Applied Physics. 2018;124(12):123304. DOI: 10.1063/1.5037028.
  32. Baksht FG, Lapshin VF, Mezentsev AP et al. Relaxation mechanisms of an electron beam in a collisional plasma of a low-voltage discharge in an inert gas. Plasma Physics Reports. 1991;17(3):369–378 (in Russian).
  33. Mezentsev AP, Stepanov YD, Fedorov VL. Measurement of the electron-atom collision integral in low-temperature helium plasma. Tech. Phys. 1997;42(4):341–345. DOI: 10.1134/1.1258814.
  34. Strakhova AA. New possibilities of the flat one-sided probe method for determining anisotropic distribution functions of charged particles in plasma. PhD thesis: 01.04.08. St. Petersburg; 2017. 127 p. (in Russian).
  35. Mustafaev AS. Methods for diagnostics of anisotropic plasma in thermionic devices of electric power industry. PhD thesis: 01.04.01. St. Petersburg; 2003. 323 p. (in Russian).
  36. Grabovsky AY. Radiation-resistant controlled stabilizers for plasma energy. PhD thesis: 01.04.08. St. Petersburg; 2013. 125 p. (in Russian).
  37. Mustafaev AS, Klimenkov B, Grabovskiy AY, Kuznetsov V. Grid current control in the unstable mode of plasma discharge. Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 2019;1400(7):077024. DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/1400/7/077024.
  38. Mustafaev AS, Mezentsev AP. Methodological problems of remote research of plasma of astrophysical objects. Journal of Mining Institute. 2005;163:189–191 (in Russian).
  39. Sukhomlinov VS, Mustafaev AS, Popova AN, Koubaji H. Accounting for the effects of third elements in the emission spectral analysis and construction of global analytical techniques. Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 2019;1384(1):012054. DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/1384/1/012054.
  40. Alferov ZhI, Kadomtsev BB, Velikhov EP et al. Victor Evgen’ievich Golant (On the occasion of his sixtieth birthday). Sov. Phys. Usp. 1988;31(1):95–96. DOI: 10.1070/PU1988v031n01ABEH002540.
  41. Dyuzhev Georgy Andreevich (in Russian). Access mode:
  42. Kuznetsov VI, Dyakov BB, Ponyaev SA. Technical innovations and gas-dynamic research. Priroda. 2018(9(1237)):32–40 (in Russian). DOI: 10.31857/S0032874X0000888-5.
  43. In memory of Vladimir Grigorievich Yuriev. Tech. Phys. 1989;59(9):205–206 (in Russian).
  44. In memory of Lev Dandinsurunovich Tsendin (December 13, 1937 – August 19, 2012). Tech. Phys. 2013;83(5):158 (in Russian).
  45. Fortov VE. Encyclopedia of Low Temperature Plasma. Vol. 1–4. Moscow: Nauka; 2000 (in Russian).
  46. Peaks of Fortov. Rossiyskaya Gazeta – Federal Iss. 269 (8323) (in Russian). Access mode:
  47. Sukhomlinov VS, Matveev RJ, Mustafaev AS, Timofeev NA. Kinetic theory of low-voltage beam discharge instability in rare gases. Physics of Plasmas. 2020;27(6):062106. DOI: 10.1063/5.0001822.
  48. Sukhomlinov VS, Matveev RJ, Mustafaev AS, Timofeev NA, Solihov DQ. Simultaneous generation of several waves in a rare gas low-voltage beam discharge. Physics of Plasmas. 2020;27(8): 083504. DOI: 10.1063/5.0011584.
  49. Margolin VI, Tomaev VV. Congratulations to professor A.G. Syrkov. Condensed Matter and Interphases. 2016;18(1):166–168 (in Russian).
  50. Anikin VM. Scientific history fragments of the Big physical auditorium of Saratov University. Two Congresses – Two of Vavilovs. Izvestiya VUZ. Applied Nonlinear Dynamics. 2020;28(5): 547–566 (in Russian). DOI: 10.18500/0869-6632-2020-28-5-547-566.
  51. Chirkst DE. Academician N.S.Kurnakov: his life and work. Journal of Mining Institute. 2013;202: 9–13 (in Russian).
  52. Syrkov AG. On the priority of the St. Petersburg Mining University in the field of science of nanotechnology and nanomaterials. Journal of Mining Institute. 2016;221:730–736 (in Russian). DOI: 10.18454/pmi.2016.5.730.
  53. Plasma does not understand garbage. Why Europe is moving away from incineration. Rossiyskaya Gazeta – Federal Iss. 273 (8031) (in Russian). Access mode:
  54. Litvinenko VS, Tsvetkov PS, Dvoinikov MV, Buslaev GV. Barriers to the implementation of hydrogen initiatives in the context of sustainable development of global energy. Journal of Mining Institute. 2020;244:428–438. DOI: 10.31897/pmi.2020.4.5.
  55. Vasilyeva OB, Kumkova II, Kuznetsov VE et al. Possibilities of applying plasma technologies for processing organics-containing substances: the effect of the shape of the voltage curve on the working mode of the plasma torch. High Temperature. 2015;53(4):470–475. DOI: 10.1134/S0018151X15030219.
  56. Smerdov RS, Klimenkov BD, Popova AN, Kison VE. Plasma nanotechnologies and composite nanostructures for advanced material science problems (Plasma nanotechnologies and composite nanostructures of a new generation for solving problems of materials science). Proceedings «Nanophysics and Nanomaterials 2019»; 2019. P. 262–270.
  57. Murillo Hiller OG. Formation of the ion distribution function near the surface at a negative potential. PhD thesis: 01.04.08. St. Petersburg; 2020. 243 p. (in Russian).
  58. Lapshin VF. Investigation of a pulse-periodic high-pressure emitting discharge in cesium vapor. PhD thesus: 01.04.08. St. Petersburg; 2016. 260 p. (in Russian).
  59. Morin AV. Study of the formation of kinetic and optical characteristics of glow discharges of high and low pressures in argon. PhD thesis: 01.04.08, 01.04.05. St. Petersburg; 2010. 130 p. (in Russian).
  60. Tsyganov AB. Development of a new method of collisional electron spectroscopy for the analysis of matter based on microplasma sources. PhD thesis: 01.04.08. St. Petersburg; 2012. 132 p. (in Russian).
  61. Ainov MA. Ion velocity distribution function in the plasma of its own gas. PhD thesis: 01.04.08. St. Petersburg; 2016. 174 p. (in Russian).