ISSN 0869-6632 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1905 (Online)


FitzHugh–Nagumo

Variety of synchronous regimes in ensembles of nonidentical oscillators: Chain and lattice

We study synchronization in one- and two-dimentional ensembles of nonidentical Bonhoeffer–van der Pol oscillators. Small chains (number of elements N <= 4) are proved to have not less than 2 N−1 coexisting stable different synchronous regimes. The chain of N elements is supposed to have not less than 2 N−1 synchronous regimes at the same values of parameters. Formation of synchronization clusters at weak coupling is shown. Regimes, provided by existing of waves, setting rhythm for all elements in ensemble, are investigated.

Variety of synchronous regimes in ensembles of nonidentical oscillators: two coupled elements

We study synchronization of two coupled nonidentical Bonhoeffer–van der Pol oscillators. Coexistence of two different synchronous regimes is proved. Mechanisms of synchronous regimes origination and destruction are investigated. Fluctuations influence on syncronous regimes is considered. It is found that noise can cause: i) synchronization destruction and beating originations; ii) fluctuations-caused bistability destruction; iii) fluctuations-caused intermittency of synchronous regimes without synchronization destruction.

Patterns in excitable dynamics driven by additive dichotomic noise

Pattern formation due the presence of additive dichotomous fluctuations is studied an extended system with diffusive coupling and a bistable FitzHugh–Nagumo kinetics. The fluctuations vary in space and/or time being noise or disorder, respectively. Without perturbations the dynamics does not support pattern formation. With proper dichotomous fluctuations, however, the homogeneous steady state is destabilized either via a Turing instability or the fluctuations create spatial nuclei of an inhomogeneous states.