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Perevaryukha A. Y. Modeling of oscillating population dynamics of aquatic organisms in the «resource–consumer» system using cellular automata. Izvestiya VUZ. Applied Nonlinear Dynamics, 2020, vol. 28, iss. 1, pp. 62-76. DOI: 10.18500/0869-6632-2020-28-1-62-76

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519.6, 517.926

Modeling of oscillating population dynamics of aquatic organisms in the «resource–consumer» system using cellular automata

Perevaryukha A. Yu., St. Petersburg Institute for Informatics and Automation of RAS

Theme. The article is devoted to modeling a specific biological nonlocal interaction of a species that is a resource and another species – its consumer, with the significant role of several time factors. Method. To represent the dynamics of sharp changes in the number of two populations in the model, we developed a new algorithm for changing the state of cellular automata using the Moore neighborhood. In the new model, the ternary state of the cells became available and the playing space was selected in a square lattice form. The novelty of the algorithm is the inclusion of heterogeneous forms of delay in the model for the propagation of red and green cells. The rules provide for several competing time parameters that act during the formation of the consumer population and take into account the delay in restoring spent resources. Result. We have obtained oscillating modes in the system of cells, where the recovery time of the species-resource is more important than the reproductive activity of the consumer. In the scenario of proliferation the initial group of red cells among the green ones, consumer and resource fluctuations are eventually synchronized. Practical significance. The model can describe the features of a spatially heterogeneous invasive process when, as a result, the invader is no longer able to form large clusters. Dynamics with slowly synchronizing oscillations was observed for the dangerous invader of the ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi and its rival, the jellyfish Aurelia aurita, after the ctenophore invasion in the Black Sea. The appearance in the new model of the front of propagation of invasion is confirmed by recent experiments with gene-modified virus in cell culture.

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