ISSN 0869-6632 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1905 (Online)


Mathematical model of the photoplethysmogram for testing methods of biological signals analysis

The purpose of this study was to develop a mathematical model of the photoplethysmogram, which can be used to test methods that introduce the instantaneous phases of the modulating signals. The model must reproduce statistical and spectral characteristics of the real photoplethysmogram, and explicitly incorporate the instantaneous phases of the modulating signals, so they can be used as a reference during testing.

Coupled economic oscillations — synchronization dynamical model

Purpose of this work is the research of the dynamical processes and in particular the phenomenon of the synchronization in an ensemble of coupled chaotic economic oscillators.

Methods. The research methods are the qualitative and numerical methods of the theory of nonlinear dynamical systems and the theory of the bifurcations.

Mechanisms leading to bursting oscillations in the system of predator–prey communities coupled by migrations

The purpose is to study the periodic regimes of the dynamics for two non-identical predator–prey communities coupled by migrations, associated with the partial synchronization of fluctuations in the abundance of communities. The combination of fluctuations in neighboring sites leads to the regimes that include both fast bursts (bursting oscillations) and slow oscillations (tonic spiking). These types of activity are characterized by a different ratio of synchronous and non-synchronous dynamics of communities in certain periods of time.

About dynamics of publication activity on synchronization

Purpose of the work is to research of the world science publications dynamics on the synchronization. Methods. The research methods are the statistical methods of data processing. Results. The emphasis in the study of synchronization over the past twenty years has shifted from physical and technical sciences to neuroscience with Asian countries domination.

Synchronization of excitation waves in a two-layer network of FitzHugh–Nagumo neurons with noise modulation of interlayer coupling parameters

The purpose of this work is to study the possibility of synchronization of wave processes in distributed excitable systems by means of noise modulation of the coupling strength between them. Methods. A simple model of a neural network, which consists of two coupled layers of excitable FitzHugh–Nagumo oscillators with a ring topology, is studied by numerical simulation methods. The connection between the layers has a random component, which is set for each pair of coupled oscillators by independent sources of colored Gaussian noise. Results.

On the conditions for safe connection to hub-cluster power grids

Purpose of this work is studying of the dynamics of a power grid model that results from the expansion of a highly centralized grid, i.e. a hub-cluster, by adding a small subgrid. The main attention is paid to the study of possible power grid operation regimes and their characteristics. Methods. Numerical simulation of power grid operation, the dynamics of which is described by the Kuramoto equations with inertia, is used. Results. Various power grid operation regimes and the boundaries of their existence in the parameter space are given.

Selection of spatial modes in an ensemble of non-locally coupled chaotic maps

Purpose of this work is to determine regularities of formation of spatial structures in an ensemble of chaotic systems with non-local diffusion couplings and to study how these structures depend on the wave response of the digital filter formed by the ensemble couplings structure. Methods. The study was carried out by numerical simulation of an ensemble of logistic maps, calculation of its typical oscillatory regimes and their spectral analysis. The network was considered as a digital filter with a frequency response depending on the coupling parameters.

Study of gyrotron synchronization by an external harmonic signal based on a modified quasi-linear theory

Topic. The paper is devoted to the study of synchronization of a gyrotron by an external harmonic signal. A theoretical study of gyrotron synchronization processes by means of a computational experiment based on certain traditional models of microwave electronics does not provide a complete description of the synchronization pattern. Therefore, the goal of the paper is to develop a modified quasi-linear model based on an approximation of the electron susceptibility by rational functions. Methods.

Simulation of business and financial cycles: Self-oscillation and synchronization

The purpose of this work is to research the phenomena of the self-oscillation and the synchronization for the model of business and financial oscillator, which presented as the system of automatic control. Methods. The research methods are the qualitative and numerical methods of the theory of nonlinear dynamical systems and the theory of the bifurcations. Results. This work presents the model of business and financial oscillators as the phase-controlled oscillator and as the frequency-controlled oscillator.

Synchronization of coupled generators of quasi-periodic oscillations upon destruction of invariant curve

The purpose of this study is to describe the complete picture of synchronization of two coupled generators of quasi-periodic oscillations, to classify various types of synchronization, to study features of occurrence and destruction of multi-frequency quasi-periodic oscillations. Methods. The object of the research is systems of ordinary differential equations of various dimensions. The work uses the fourth-order Runge–Kutta method to solve a system of differential equations.


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